MARINE CORPS AIR STATION BEAUFORT --
Fightertown pilots are scheduled to graduate from Marine Division Tactics Course aboard Marine Corps Air Station Beaufort, Feb. 3.
The four-week course takes the top tier of Marine Aircraft Group 31 pilots and refines their skills in offensive anti-air warfare and anti-air defense. Six F-18 Hornet pilots and one Weapons Systems Operator will graduate, earning a Marine Aviation Weapons and Tactics Squadron One qualification and a MDTC Instructor patch.
The course is held twice a year aboard MCAS Beaufort for all of MAG-31 F-18 squadrons. Marine Aviation Weapons and Tactics Squadron One instructor pilots, based out of MCAS Yuma, Ariz., instructs and evaluates the MCAS Beaufort pilots. For those pilots who do graduate it provides a stepping stone to go on to the top flight school, Weapons Tactics Instructor course.
“This course is one pre-requisite among others to eventually go on to the WTI course,” said Maj. Timothy Farag, the MAWTS-1 tactical air department head. “This course makes them proficient at air to air tactics.
Upon completion of WTI, they will be experts on both air to air and air to
ground tactics. They will be the overall subject matter experts of the F-18 Hornet.”
Both MDTC and WTI are fast paced, compact courses that test the top
level pilots and turn them into masters of airborne tactics, prepared to meet the needs of a Marine Air Ground Task Force. Because of the sharp learning curve for both courses, the pilots need to be top notch with an aptitude far above their peers.
“The first week of MDTC is dedicated to academics,” said Maj. Benjamin Apple, the operations officer with Marine Fighter Training Squadron 401. “Then the pilots spend a week doing dogfighting within visual range. The
last two weeks are spent doing beyond visual range flights and simulations.”
The week of academics covers complex tactics, briefing and debriefing.
The pilots not only need to excel in their flight time, but also in the debriefing time. Debriefing after a mission is critical, so that the pilots and WSO’s can see exactly what happened and how to improve. The
second week of dogfighting is when Apple’s unit, VMFT-401, comes into the picture.
“We are the Marine Corps’ only adversary squadron,” said Apple. “Often the Marine Corps utilizes civilian defense contractors. What sets us apart is both our aircraft and the fact that we are uniform wearing Marines. Adversary air is something we specialize in and provide to our customers. We study what the enemy does and we know what our pilots should be doing. We provide the anvil on which our Marine pilots sharpen their word.”
The VMFT-401 squadron frequently visits MCAS Beaufort to provide adversary air for the squadrons. During this visit their primary focus was
to support MDTC. After the second week of air to air dogfighting, the pilots start to work up to larger, longer and more complex flying exercises. The exercises start off with a section, comprised of two pilots. Over the final two weeks they work up to a division flying against 10
“We have the pilots train with both offensive and defensive anti-aircraft warfare,” said Farag. “Essentially the pilots will either be attacking a simulated enemy asset or defending against an oncoming adversary force, protecting a friendly asset. The entire time they are flying they are monitored by controllers who watch, record and analyze everything. When the pilots come back and have their debrief they need to know everything that happened during the exercise and learn from it.”
The debrief conducted after the flight is just as important as the flight itself. This is the pilot’s chance to show his control over the situation and most importantly, learn how they can improve. The competition for a seat at MDTC is stiff. Pilots need to be able to execute in flight and show control in the debrief.
“VMFT-401 works as an extension of MAWTS-1 for the duration of the exercise, working hand in hand as the instructor pilots,” said Farag. “As far as organizing and coordinating MDTC, that comes from Marine Aviation Training System Site Beaufort.”
The MATTS Beaufort coordinates and provides, adversary air, space to
conduct briefs, debriefs, and reserves airspace. The MAG-31 provides the
aircraft, assets, and maintainers. All of these components work together to ensure that everything is ready and available to ensure MDTC runs smoothly.
“The need for MDTC is huge,” said Farag. “The Marine Corps Training and Readiness Manual dictates that each squadron requires a certain number
of WTI’s to ensure the Hornet community continues to meet the needs of the Marine Air Ground Task Force.”
The course is scheduled to culminate with a final flight and evaluation followed by a graduation at the Officer’s club aboard Marine Corps Air Station Beaufort Feb. 3. The course is a stride towards becoming a top aviator and subject matter expert within the F-18 Hornet community.
“We are honing pilots in air to air tactics maneuver and air superiority,” said Apple. “This has been a great trip for us. I love coming out to Beaufort and we are happy to be here, take our capabilities and bring
those to the fleet.”